Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Eva Cigler - March 17, 1982


An interview with Eva Cigler, a Holocaust survivor, conducted by Eva Lipton. Eva Cigler was born in Beregszász, Czechoslovakia in 1926. After the Hungarian annexation of the area, Eva's family, consisting of her mother, father, four sisters and one brother, experienced increasing anti-Semitism from the Hungarians. In 1944, the family was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau where her mother, father, brother, and one sister were gassed. After some time in Auschwitz-Birkenau, Eva was transported to an unspecified satellite camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau. From there she was sent to Bergen-Belsen where she was liberated. After spending some time in a Displaced Persons Camp in Celle, Germany, Eva returned to Beregszász for a brief time. From there she went to Prague and immigrated to the United States.

  1. Introduction
  2. Religious Community
  3. Family
  4. Father Taken Away
  5. Father Returns
  6. Hungarian Annexation
  7. Education
  8. Family II
  9. Family III
  10. Plans for the Future
  11. Outbreak of War
  12. Hungarian Rule
  13. Jewish Political Groups
  14. Jewish Community Leaders
  15. Political Leaders
  16. Life Under Hungarian Rule
  17. Anti-Semitism
  18. Ghetto in Beregszász
  19. Conditions in Ghetto
  20. Conditions in Ghetto II
  21. Awareness of Holocaust
  22. Receiving Help
  23. Encounters with Germans
  24. Abuse by Hungarians
  25. Organization of the Ghetto
  26. Deportation
  27. Transport to Auschwitz-Birkenau
  28. Arrival at Auschwitz-Birkenau
  29. Selektion
  30. Knowledge of Gas Chambers
  31. Beatings in Auschwitz
  32. Tattoos
  33. Barracks
  34. Sorting Clothes
  35. "Organizing"
  36. Jealousy Among Inmates
  37. Sorting Clothes II
  38. The Smell of Birkenau
  39. Transports
  40.  "Organizing II"
  41. Escape Attempts
  42. Escape Attempts II
  43. Witnessing Beatings
  44. Knowledge of Gas Chambers II
  45. Witnessing an Aktion
  46. Witnessing an Aktion II
  47. Witnessing an Aktion III
  48.  Burning Bodies
  49. Children's Barrack
  50. Labor Commando
  51. Kapos
  52. Knowledge of Sabotage
  53. Spreading Ashes
  54. Work Outside of Auschwitz
  55. Work Outside of Auschwitz II
  56. Ukrainians
  57. Zählappell
  58. Transport to Bergen-Belsen
  59. Contact with Germans
  60. Arrival at Bergen-Belsen
  61. Conditions in Bergen-Belsen
  62. Conditions in Bergen-Belsen II
  63. Typhus
  64. Last Days of the War
  65. Religious Life in Camps
  66. Liberation
  67. Remaining in Bergen-Belsen
  68. Celle
  69. Life in Celle
  70. Attempt to Return Home
  71. Prague
  72. Beregszász
  73. Travelling
  74. Immigration to America

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