Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Emerich Grinbaum - October 3, 2000 & January 8, 2001


An interview with Emerich Grinbaum, a Holocaust survivor, conducted by Dr. Sidney Bolkosky, Professor of History at the University of Michigan-Dearborn. Mr. Grinbaum was born in Munkacs, Czechoslovakia in 1930. After the Hungarian annexation of Munkacs in 1938, Emerich, along with his father, mother and brother experienced increased anti-Semitism under the Hungarians. In 1944, Germany invaded Hungary and the Grinbaum family was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Emerich's mother was gassed upon arrival and after less than a week in Birkenau, Emerich, his father and brother were shipped to a labor camp just outside of Warsaw, Poland. In August, 1944, the three were sent to Dachau. In Dachau, Emerich's father became ill and was sent to the camp hospital. During this period, Emerich and his brother were sent to one of Dachau's satellite camps, Allach. In Allach, Emerich worked on several labor Kommandos, including the BMW factory and as a potato peeler in the camp kitchen. While in Allach, Mr. Grinbaum's father was reunited with him and his brother and placed in a block for elderly people. In April 1945, the three were placed aboard and train and shipped to an unknown destination. While en route, the Germans abandoned the train and the three walked to a nearby village where they were liberated by the American Army. After liberation, they returned to Munkacs, now under Soviet rule as part of the Ukraine. Mr. Grinbaum studied medicine under the Soviets. He emigrated to the United States in the 1960s.

  1. Introduction
  2. Education
  3. Family
  4. Reasons for Surviving
  5. Religious Life
  6. Education
  7. Parents
  8. Relations with Non-Jews
  9. 1941
  10. Hungarian Rule
  11. 1938
  12. Father
  13. Conditions Under Hungarians
  14. Round-ups
  15. Relations with Non-Jews II
  16. Knowledge of Massacres
  17. Belze Rebbe
  18. Judenrat
  19. German Invasion
  20. Munkacs Ghetto
  21. Deportation
  22. Transport to Auschwitz-Birkenau
  23. Arrival in Auschwitz-Birkenau
  24. Impressions of Birkenau
  25. Selection
  26. Transfer to Warsaw
  27. Knowledge of Gas Chambers
  28. Conditions Outside of Warsaw
  29. Warsaw Rebellion
  30. Death March
  31. Death March (continued)
  32. Transport to Dachau
  33. Kapos
  34. Arrival in Dachau
  35. Allach
  36. Death of Mr. Ringler
  37. Conditions in Dachau
  38. Conditions in Allach
  39. Punishment in Allach
  40. Labor in Allach
  41. Elderly Prisoners
  42. Lagerführer Busch
  43. Allied Bombings
  44. Deportations from Allach
  45. Liberation
  46. Behavior After Liberation
  47. Nationality
  48. Looking for Family
  49. Dangers of Overeating
  50. Attitude of Survivors
  51. Father's Attitude
  52. Deutsch
  53. Allach II
  54. Return to Munkacs
  55. The Soviets
  56. Debrecen
  57. Feelings About Being Jewish
  58. Religion After the Holocaust
  59. Thoughts About the Holocaust
  60. Deciding to Stay in Munkacs
  61. Munkacser Rebbe
  62. Return to School
  63. Soviet Rule
  64. Impact of Holocaust
  65. Anti-Semitism Under Soviets
  66. Assignment as Doctor
  67. Defying Authorities
  68. Working in Hospital
  69. Emigration Attempts
  70. America
  71. Affects of Holocaust
  72. Effects of Holocaust (continued)
  73. Reasons to Talk
  74. Conclusion

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