Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Fred Kendal - May 25, 1983


Fred Kendal was born on May 25, 1931 in Berezne, Ukraine. After the Germans invaded the area, he and his family were put in the ghetto and then sent to a work camp. While at the work camp they escaped into the forest to hide. The family hid in the woods for the duration of the war and eventually joined up with a group of Russian partisans. After liberation the family lived in several displaced persons camps in Austria and Italy. Fred and his family eventually moved to the United States.

  1. Introduction
  2. Start of War
  3. Family Splits Up
  4. Life in Labor Camp
  5. Running Away from the Germans
  6. Hiding in the Forest
  7. Hiding in the Forest II
  8. Life with the Russians
  9. Life with the Russians II
  10. Moving to Displaced Persons Camp
  11. Pretending to be Greek
  12. Pretending to be Greek II
  13. Moving to Italy
  14. Life in Italy
  15. Life in Italy II
  16. Trying to go to Israel
  17. Family
  18. Family II
  19. Fate of Family
  20. Life Before the War
  21. Jewish Life in Berezne
  22. Help from Gentiles
  23. Education
  24. Life at the Start of the War
  25. Moving into the Ghetto
  26. Conditions in the Ghetto
  27. Life in the Work Camp
  28. Life in Work Camp II
  29. Living in Hiding
  30. Living in Hiding II
  31. Hearing About the Concentration Camps
  32. Nearly Getting Caught by Germans
  33. Nearly Getting Caught by Germans II
  34. Working with the Russians
  35. Reactions of the Ukrainian Civilians
  36. Reactions of the Ukrainian Civilians
  37. Liberation
  38. Life in the United States
  39. Being Drafted into the American Army
  40. Sharing Story
  41. Anti-Semitism After the War
  42. Anti-Semitism After the War II
  43. Conclusion

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