Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Bernard & Emery Klein - May 23, 1984


The Klein brothers were born in Humenné, a town in eastern Slovakia. The immediate family of the brothers included their parents and a younger sister. The Germans occupied the area in 1939 and started to deport the Jews in 1941. The Klein family was not deported until 1944 because Mr. Klein was an important farming advisor. The family was sent to Auschwitz without Bernard, who had become separated. Mrs. Klein and her daughter were immediately gassed upon arrival at the camp. Bernard was reunited with his brother and father at Auschwitz a month later. The three were sent to Gleiwitz where Emery and his father worked in a factory while Bernard worked in the concentration camp kitchen. In 1945, as the Russian army advanced into the area, the camp was evacuated to Blechhammer, another camp in the vicinity. The German guards fled the camp, leaving the prisoners. A few days later, the brothers, their father and several others began walking back to Humenné. The Klein family moved to Israel, Montreal and eventually to Detroit.

Link to Portraits of Honor Project-Bernard Klein

Link to Portraits of Honor Project-Emery Klein

  1. Introduction
  2. Introduction Continued
  3. Introduction Continued
  4. Pre-War Humenné
  5. Family
  6. Pictures
  7. Home Movies
  8. Relations with non-Jews
  9. Family Continued
  10. Fate of Family Members
  11. Anti-Semitism
  12. Hlinka Guard
  13. Arrest of Aunt
  14. Deportations
  15. Effects on Family
  16. Male Dvorany
  17. Death of Cousins
  18. Digging
  19. Nitra
  20. Transport to Birkenau
  21. Arrival at Birkenau
  22. News of Family
  23. Reunited with Father
  24. Gleiwitz
  25. Conditions in Gleiwitz
  26. The Infirmary
  27. Incidents in Gleiwitz
  28. Wehrmacht Supervision of Prisoners
  29. Evacuation from Gleiwitz
  30. Liberation
  31. Return Home
  32. Father's Reaction
  33. Immigration to Israel
  34. Farming in Israel
  35. Leaving Israel
  36. Montreal
  37. Memories of Experience
  38. Recounting

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