Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Aaron Salzburg - July 24, 1984


Aaron Salzburg was born on April 2, 1919 in Opatów, Poland. Aaron recounts life in Pre-War Poland and his experiences in many different ghettos, labor and concentration camps throughout Poland and Germany during the Second World War. Opatów became a ghetto after the German occupation of Poland. In 1939, Aaron was sent to the Sandomierz ghetto, where he eventually escaped and ended up in a camp called Kocina. After falling ill with typhus, Aaron made a full recovery and was selected to go to Skarżysko and later onto Częstochowa, both forced labor camps. In Skarżysko and Częstochowa, Aaron worked for HASAG--a privately owned German industrial company. He was later moved to Buchenwald, where he stayed in Dora, a branch of Buchenwald which became its own camp in 1944. Aaron was eventually moved to the Bergen-Belsen detention camp, where on April 15, 1945, the camp was liberated by the British Army.

Link to Portraits of Honor Project

  1. Introduction
  2. German Occupation of Poland
  3. Opatów Ghetto
  4. Conditions in the Camps and Ghettos
  5. Liquidation
  6. Tragedies of War
  7. Tragedies of War II
  8. Anti-Semitism
  9. Attitudes in Poland
  10. Stories from Treblinka
  11. Stories from Treblinka II
  12. Fate of Family
  13. Opatów Post-Liquidation
  14. Pre-WWII Life in Opatów
  15. Pre-WWII Life in Opatów II
  16. Role of the Catholic Church in Poland
  17. Sandomierz
  18. Escape from Sandomierz
  19. Kocina
  20. Outbreak of Typhus
  21. Selection for Skarżysko
  22. Selection for Skarżysko II
  23. Skarżysko
  24. Skarżysko II
  25. Skarżysko III
  26. Work in Skarżysko
  27. HASAG
  28. HASAG II
  29. Częstochowa
  30. Częstochowa II
  31. Buchenwald and Dora
  32. Dora
  33. Dora II
  34. Bergen-Belsen
  35. Conclusion

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