Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Simon Cymerath - June 8, 1982

Contents

Simon Cymerath grew up in a close-knit family in Starowicea [Starowice], Poland. When the Germans occupied Starowicea [Starowicea], the family was moved into a ghetto and Simon was first sent to work in a local factory and then to work in a forced labor camp. Simon escaped from the labor camp with the help of a Jewish contractor and returned home to Starowicea [Starowice] where he went back to work in the factory. Soon after, the family was sent to Treblinka where his parents and youngest brother perished; Simon and two other brothers were separated and sent to Auschwitz. Simon survived Auschwitz working as a painter on a Monowitz work detail. In April 1945, the camp was evacuated and the prisoners forced on a death march that ended with their liberation by the Americans. After liberation, Simon worked several years with the American army, reunited with his only surviving brother, and immigrated to the United States in 1950.

  1. Introduction
  2. Family
  3. Anti-Semitism
  4. Education
  5. Friday Nights
  6. Politics
  7. Outbreak of War
  8. Registration
  9. The Factory
  10. Forced Labor Camp
  11. Treatment in the Labor Camps
  12. Family's Fate
  13. Learning of Treblinka
  14. Resistance
  15. Auschwitz
  16. Transport to Auschwitz
  17. Arrival at Auschwitz
  18. Life in Auschwitz
  19. Organizing in Auschwitz
  20. Evacuation from Auschwitz
  21. Evacuation from Auschwitz II
  22. After Liberation
  23. UNRRA
  24. Reuniting with Brothers
  25. Returning to Poland
  26. Tattoo
  27. Life in Auschwitz II
  28. Punishment in Auschwitz
  29. Auschwitz Authorities
  30. Thoughts on Survival
  31. Leaving Europe
  32. Nightmares and Reminders
  33. His Children

© Board of Regents University of Michigan-Dearborn