Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Leon Salomon - June 18, 1990


Leon Salomon was born in Maków Mazowiecki, Poland and lived there with his family until Poland was occupied by the Germans in 1939. Leon and two of his sisters moved east to Kobylnik to live with their brother, a school teacher who was later killed when the Germans took over the area. In 1942, the Jewish residents of the town were executed by the Germans in a nearby forest. As Leon was being taken away to be shot, he escaped from the guards and hid in the forest. Leon was the only member of his immediate family to survive and eventually joined a partisan group fighting in the Vilna and White Russia area. He joined the Soviet Army near the end of the war and fought with them until he was wounded in east Prussia.

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  1. Introduction
  2. Family
  3. Religious Life
  4. Relationships with non-Jews
  5. War Begins
  6. Life Under Occupation
  7. Restrictions
  8. Leaving Maków
  9. Brother's Death
  10. Brother's Burial
  11. Working
  12. Einsatzgruppen
  13. Liquidation of Kobylnik
  14. Escape
  15. Parents
  16. In the Woods
  17. Contact with Partisans
  18. Partisan Activities
  19. Contact with Other Partisans
  20. Joining the Russians
  21. End of the War
  22. Religious Attitudes After the War
  23. Thinking About Experiences

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