Mr. Hasenberg was born in Germany and relates his experiences growing up under the Nazi regime until his family moved to Amsterdam, Holland in 1937. In June of 1943 the family was deported to Westerbork, a transit camp, and then to Bergen-Belsen in Feb. 1944. The family managed to be included in an exchange transport in January 1945 using Ecuadorian papers made available by a family friend in Sweden. During the transport, Mr. Hasenberg's father died. After arriving in Switzerland, the rest of the family were released and briefly separated until they were reunited in New York in 1946.
An interview with Nathan Offen, a Holocaust survivor, conducted by Dr. Sidney Bolkosky, Professor of History at the University of Michigan--Dearborn. Nathan Offen lived in Kraków, Poland. After the German invasion in 1939, Nathan, his brothers Sam and Bernie and their father were recruited by the Germans as forced laborers. Nathan was sent to a nearby rock quarry to work. Meanwhile, Nathan's mother and sister were rounded up and deported. The three brothers and their father were shipped to Płaszów and then to Gusen I, a sub-camp of Mauthausen. Nathan and Sam were separated from their father and Bernie there, it was the last time Nathan saw his father. In 1945, Nathan and Sam were liberated by the American Army. The brothers learned of a Polish unit in the British Army based in Italy and decided to join. While in a DP camp in Italy, they discovered that Bernie was in a different DP camp and the brothers were reunited. After the war, the three brothers settled in Britain until 1951 when they emigrated to the United States.