Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Larry Wayne - 2005

Bakery union in ghetto

So how did you keep the bakery going?

We didn't.


I say, beginning of the war when we had, we had everything going before all the decrees came out that we had to leave the place where we lived.

Okay, do you remember when the ghetto was closed?

I don't remember an exact date.

May 1940.

It's, I, I wouldn't have remembered the exact date.

Um, so what did you do?

At that time we worked in a bakery and we had uh, we had plenty of food to eat too. Excuse me, sorry.

[phone interruption]

Okay, you said...


...once the ghetto started you either worked or you were killed.

You had to...there was nobody...

So what did you do at that point?

I worked in the bakery the whole time in the ghetto.

After the move.

I was a baker.

Oh in another bakery.

Another bakery. In the beginning we had another bakery in the Łódź ghetto, we had... The, the, the union of the bakers in, in Łódź organized it. Anybody had a bakery outside the ghetto became partners with somebody that had a bakery in the ghetto.

I see.

They--like, a union organized, that's--they had to take me in. And I became a corner, and we became a corn and a bakery in the, in the ghetto 'til the time came that the, the, the ghetto characterized, the bakeries had no more ownership, the ghetto used to own it itself. Rumkowski and all these guys, they used to own the...

The union.

And I just became a worker in, in the bakery. Any bakery, they could send me any place to work.

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