Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Marvin Kozlowski - August 28, 2002

Expectations of War

When did you expect that there would be a war?

Well, we figured for, we figured about a year. It, it's just a matter of time that the Germans are gonna....

So 1938 already...

Yeah, 1938. Because at that time Germany went over to Sudeten.

Wife: Czechoslovakia.

Czechoslovakia. Took just a part of Czechoslovakia. We didn't want to use that, we just wanted a little piece that used to belong to us.

And they took the whole thing.

About three months later or six months later--at that time, the president was Hácha, Hácha. Hácha is a--Jewish people say "ha, ha, ha." It's a joke, it's a laugh. So when the Germans came in they said, it's not--we're not Hácha. Now they went further, the Germans. They said, look, we just want our piece, but we're nice people. Poland there, few villages there, it belongs to you. You come and take the few villages.

So Poland got some territory.

Yeah. And then they, then later they took Austria also. Austria speak the same language. That's where Hitler was born. And uh, so after he took Austria he came in and took Poland.

© Board of Regents University of Michigan-Dearborn