Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Simon Kalmas - May 25, 1982


Prior to the war, what was your uh, education?

My education in Poland? None. Eleme...uh, public school wasn't available in my time because we had First World War. I was born in 1915, so we had First World War. And that, that war dragged until the Bol...Bolsheviks, you know, came in too 'til about 1920--'20, '21. There was no compulsory school. The only thing is that we had a cheder--Talmud Torah that uh, Hebrew Yeshiva and all that. All other educations--I'm a self-made man. Because my younger brothers and sisters, they had school. It was compulsory at that--when they were born--when they were youngsters. Not in my time.

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