Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Natalie Zamczyk - January 30, 1984


When the Germans came in uh...


...was there any attack on the Jewish people or by the....

No, from the beginning, no. Was no attack made of the people, no. From the beginning, no. They only, later, like I said, two days later they put this, that they had to have armbands. I don't know exactly, I have written this everything. And later they, they uh, the... No, no, armbands was later. First was the Mogen Dovid on the stores that they know that they are Jewish people having the stores, you know. Yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah.

Do you remember when they burnt the uh, the great synagogue? The ??? Synagogue?

Where is ??? Where was this?

The synagogue in, in uh...


...in Krakow.

In Krakow was a burned synagogue?


I don't remember.


What was the synagogue name? Q:???

I don't remember.

No, okay, okay.

I don't remember. I never heard about it. Never heard about it. Maybe this was in different town, honey? No?

I don't know.

You have written here? No.

It's okay. Was there any resistance activity that you know of?

From the beginning? No, no, was no resistance. What resistance? They didn't do nothing from the beginning. This only, only was first they did, that uh, they put the--this wasn't even three weeks after, this was maybe two weeks after...


...or, yeah two weeks after that they put--yeah, two weeks after. You know why? Because I remember the first week, when I opened the store uh, German, I don't know, he, a big uh, officer came and he said that they needed bicycle for, for uh, for them. I don't know if they needed bicycles. So he took, I had in store, I don't know, twenty-some bicycles. So, but they weren't assembled. So he says, I need assembled. So I said, okay, you can ask, I can give you all the parts and the pe...people can assemble. I cannot assemble. And they took the twenty-five bicycle and they took everything and, and they, and he took, and he took also uh, lights, uh, you know, lamp. How you call?


Flashlights, yeah.

© Board of Regents University of Michigan-Dearborn