Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Nathan Nothman - November 30, 1982


Mm-hm, mm-hm. Were you uh, where did you fit in with the family? Were you the youngest, were you the...

I was the middle one.

The middle? Okay, okay. Did you have any other relatives living in Kraków?

Oh yes, oh yes, my aunts, and aunts, and aunts and cousins, and cousins.

Okay. How large was your father's family? How many brothers and sisters?

My bro...my father--my brother had three brothers. My mother was from France--Paris, France. So I would say I do remember before the war, my aunt came from Paris would give me a money, like a ten cent or twenty cents but inside was a hole. And I said to my mother, "That's not money, this has a hole in it." But I couldn't remember that that hole was really money in France. Uh, and I cannot remember how many sisters my mother had. I do remember one. But my father had a brother in England--my father came from Germany, from Berlin. And the first war, my father resided in Paris, France--met my mother. And he was working on a ship. That time there was no plumbing--there was like a pipe fitter, working on a ship, going from Paris, France to the United States, back and forth, back and forth. And uh, somehow they decided to call it Little Kraków. Kraków--it's a beautiful city. In that country there were a lot of pogroms, lot of fighting with that anti-Jewish, you know...


...especially calling them Endecjas, the Polish, like I would say, Endecjas is uh, an anti-Semite.

© Board of Regents University of Michigan-Dearborn