Voice/Vision Holocaust Survivor Oral History Archive

Marvin Kozlowski - August 28, 2002

Liquidation of Factory

So w...when was the, was the factory liquidated?

Well, yes, everything was liquidated. The Russians were coming up. They stopped near Warsaw--Wile you know, when they come, Warsaw. They stopped there. And uh, they started to move everything out. From cattle, from metal, whatever they could get a hold of. Everything in the world was usable they moved out. So trains were always filled.

So you went to the train station.


They took you to the train station.

No. They did not. We walked.

You walked. They forced you to the train station.

No, no, no. We walked to Tomaszów. A city uh, I don't know how many miles it is. It's maybe a hundred kilometer, I don't know. I don't know exactly the mileage, it was kilometers Okay, Tomaszów.


We walked to Tomaszów. When we came into Tomaszów, we didn't--they put us into a big, big huge building, there were all kind of machines. We thought that that's the crematorium. And the heat was, the windows were never opened. The factory, it must have been two hundred degrees. I've never seen anything. They opened up some windows and we stayed there I don't know for a few days. We would get just a little bit coffee in the morning and a little bit watery soup. Like uh, ??? they call it in German. Like the thing that they uh, beets that they feed the cattle. That was our food for the few days. And from, and, and on the way there, we would sleep overnight on the field you know, on the lawn.

© Board of Regents University of Michigan-Dearborn