Jack Gun - August 12, 1999


Jack Gun was born in Rozhishche, Poland, where he lived with his father, mother and older brother and sister. Rozhishche was later annexed into the Ukraine by the Soviets at the outbreak of the war in September 1939. With the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Gun family was forced to move into a make-shift ghetto in the city where they were used as forced laborers. In August of 1942, the ghetto was liquidated by the Germans and Jack's father, mother and sister were killed. Jack and his brother managed to flee and received help from their father's non-Jewish friend. Upon this man's urging, Jack and his brother hid first in the woods and then in a bunker they dug in a field. After several near-misses with the occupation authorities, the two were hidden in a non-Jewish Ukrainian household where they remained until the Russians liberated the Ukraine in 1944.

  1. Introduction
  2. Pre-War Life
  3. Religious Life
  4. Relations with non-Jews
  5. Outbreak of War
  6. Soviet Occupation
  7. German Invasion
  8. Impression of Germans
  9. German Occupation
  10. Conditions in Ghetto
  11. Receiving Help
  12. Labor in Ghetto
  13. Liquidation of Ghetto
  14. Hiding in Barn
  1. Escape from Barn
  2. Osawa
  3. Mr. Yerushka
  4. Hiding in Forest
  5. Conditions in Forest
  6. Ukrainian Policeman
  7. Hiding in Bunker
  8. Lack of Feelings
  9. Leaving the Bunker
  10. Back in Hiding
  11. Conditions While in Hiding
  12. Betrayed
  13. Liberated by Russians
  14. Return of Germans
  1. Liberation
  2. DP Camp
  3. Brother Leaves
  4. Vladimir-Volynsk
  5. Return to Poland
  6. Travelling Around Poland
  7. Vienna
  8. Conditions in DP Camp
  9. Brother's Wedding
  10. Emigration to America
  11. Pennsylvania
  12. Telling Story
  13. Visiting Poland
  14. Telling Children

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